Flowers are not only beautiful but also a great gift from Mother Nature. They come in intoxicating aromas and striking colors. But, did you know that there are over 400,000 flower species (according to the 2010 reports) around the world? Yes, that is true. Though you and I know have been brought up saying that flowers bloom in spring, sadly, not all flowers can be enjoyed in this season. A few types blossom only in particular seasons, while some take years to bloom, a few are still undiscovered, and others are expensive as well as extinct. So, considering this, here are some of the world’s rare flowers. Before I list them to you, know why these flowers are rare.
|Why Are These Flowers Rare?|
|Once (olden times when science and technology were not advanced as today), flowers and plants were never on the verge of extinction. People in those days took all kinds of efforts to protect their Mother Nature. However, time has flown and so has brought huge changes with it. People, today, fail to care and respect nature. Pollution, dirty water, UV rays, and unbalanced climatic conditions are few reasons these plants wither and die. Eventually, they become extinct and finally, land up on the list of rare flowers. Besides writing about these flowers, I also want to create an environmental awareness to all my readers through this post. Understand the frailty of our surroundings and the significance of nature’s protection. Try to keep your surroundings clean, green, and healthy because it is not only you who needs them but also your future generations.|
10 Rare Flowers In The World
So, starting the list in reverse chronological order, here are some of the rarest flowers in the world. If ever you see any of these flowers in real, consider yourself blessed.
Also read: Rare blue flowers in the world
10. Tiger Orchid (Grammatophyllum speciosum)
Popularly known as the “Giant Orchid” and “Queen of Orchids”, this orchid variety has been one of the rare flowers in the world. Tiger Orchids are native to Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Papua New Guinea. The reason it is named Tiger orchid or Giant orchid is the fact that it resembles the stripes of a tiger and is the world’s largest orchids. According to a popular Indian news-publishing website The Hindu, the rarity of this flower triggered a lot of excitement and curiosity among many scientists as well as nature lovers.
The plant of tiger orchid usually grows on other trees and produces many flowers on individual shoots. Every flower this plant blooms is around 10 – 15 cm in width. Commercially, this orchid species is cultivated very rarely, as it is too big for most greenhouses to accommodate. Also, another reason why most gardeners don’t grow them is for its long flowering gap – it almost lies dormant for a year before it blooms again.
Quick Facts About Tiger Orchids
- It is the world’s largest orchid.
- Its cylindrical pseudobulbs grow about 2.5 meters in length (8.2 feet).
- Each raceme grows to about 3 meters in height (9.8 feet), each bearing a maximum of 80 flowers (every flower is 10 cm wide (3.9 inches)).
- Every plant grows to gigantic clusters, which can weigh a few hundred kilograms to over one ton.
- A mature Grammatophyllum speciosum can produce about 10,000 flowers.
9. Cape Sundew (Drosera capensis)
Cape sundew is one of the carnivorous plants that are native to South Africa. It produces leaves, which are usually covered with bright colored tentacles. The reason they are named carnivorous is that their tentacles secrete a sticky, thick, glue-like substance, known as mucilage for trapping and digesting the prey. These plants feed on arthropods.
As soon as the plant traps an insect, the leaves rapidly roll the victim towards their center. It grows in sunny, open areas with good climatic conditions. You can easily grow these plants indoors. The self-pollinating flowers of this plant have five brightly colored petals. Though it is one among the rare flowers, due to its popularity and easy cultivation, people in some regions have now started to grow them in their homes.
Quick Facts About Cape Sundews
- It feeds on butterflies, flies, and other nectar-loving insects.
- The thick, sticky, glue-like substance it secretes is called mucilage and is extremely sweet smelling to attract the prey. The moment an insect lands on it, it is stuck.
- The movement of taking the prey towards its center and later, digesting it happens within a duration of 30 minutes.
- It can retain dead leaves (even it is of earlier seasons’).
- The plant’s stem can become woody and long with time.
8. The Seven Sons Flower (Heptacodium miconioides)
The Seven Sons is one of the most admired ornamental flowers and is well liked for its attractive peeling barks and intoxicating aroma. Native to China, this plant belongs to the family of Caprifoliaceae. A person named Ernest Wilson discovered this plant at Hubei Province (Central China) in the year 1907. Even at that time, this plant was claimed to be rare, as only nine populations were known to be in the wild.
Due to unbalanced and polluted climatic conditions, the plant couldn’t survive. It was claimed to be extinct. However, in 1980, the Sino-American Botanical Expedition collected its seeds and sent them to Harvard University’s Arnold Arboretum for further cultivation. Besides China, they are found in some non-desert regions of US. Due to their rarity, even a few flowers will cost you huge dollars.
Quick Facts About Seven Sons Flowers
- It is a large deciduous shrub (small tree), which usually grows up to 4 – 8 meters in height.
- The leaves are long and dark green, which are 8 to 10 cm in length and 5 to 6 cm in width.
- The bark is light tan, papery, and thin.
- It was named Seven Sons because most of the flower groups have seven blooms.
- It is one of the best flowers to attract butterflies.
7. Darth Vader (Aristolochia salvadorensis)
Darth Vader is a big plant genus that belongs to the family of Aristolochiaceae. They are found only in extremely diverse climates, and that is one major reason for they are rare flowers. Aristolochia has more than 500 species, and salvadorensis is one of them. Along with salvadorensis, other species like A.westlandii and A.utriformis are also on the verge of extinction.
The stems of this plant are smooth, erect, and somewhat twining. The leaves are heart-shaped and alternate without stipules. The flowers of this plant grow in leaf axils. Usually, they are globose and inflated at the bottom while ending with a bright-colored, tongue-shaped lobe. There are about 6-40 stamens in a single whorl. The self-pollinating flowers have a strong sweet smell to attract the insects; however, the inner sections of the perianth tubes are covered with multiple hairs, serving as a nice flytrap. Later, the hairs wither to free the fly that is covered with pollen.
Quick Facts About Darth Vader
- According to ancient Greeks, Romans and Egyptians, the species of Aristolochia have medicinal values.
- One of its species, known as birthwort (Aristolochia clematitis) helps in stimulating the white cell production.
- It is a tender plant. Hence, requires mild temperatures to thrive.
- The plant can reach a height of more than 1 feet (or 30 cm).
- The fruit of this plant has multiple endospermic seeds enclosed in a dehiscent capsule.
6. Pitcher Plant (Nepenthes Tenax)
Just like Cape Sundew, even Pitcher Plants are one of the carnivorous plants. They feed on insects and are one of the unique and rare flowers. Usually, plants acquire all the nutrients from soil; however, carnivorous plants obtain their nutrition after feeding on insects. This is something that makes these plants more interesting to learn about. According to the International Carnivorous Plant Society, pitcher plants are found in Eastern United States, Queensland, and on the coastline of British Columbia.
Pitcher plants are mostly seen in bogs. Even though they do not need acidic soil to grow, they are adapted to survive in the acidic dirt and nutrient-poor soil. They grow in wettest areas and sometimes can survive the fire.
Quick Facts About Pitcher Plants
- Since they resemble pitchers, they are named as “pitcher plants.”
- It is an elongated structure, inside which there is water.
- Once an insect is trapped inside, it is extremely hard for it to exit. Eventually, it drowns and dies.
- The inner walls of the flower are slippery and waxy.
- They are mostly found in the wettest regions.